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應對干旱的黃河干流骨干水庫群聯合調度研究
 張永永1,李福軍2,彭少明1,李克飛1 
(1.黃河勘測規劃設計研究院有限公司,河南 鄭州450003; 2.黃河水利委員會 山東水文水資源局,山東 濟南 250100)
Study on the Joint Operation of Key Reservoirs to Cope with Drought in the Yellow River Main Stream
 ZHANG Yongyong1, LI Fujun2, PENG Shaoming1, LI Kefei1
(1.Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450003, China; 2.Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau of Shandong, YRCC, Jinan 250100, China)

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人民黃河
  2019,Vol. 41(9): 31
  專題研究
應對干旱的黃河干流骨干水庫群聯合調度研究
 張永永1,李福軍2,彭少明1,李克飛1 
(1.黃河勘測規劃設計研究院有限公司,河南 鄭州450003; 2.黃河水利委員會 山東水文水資源局,山東 濟南 250100))
doi:
Study on the Joint Operation of Key Reservoirs to Cope with Drought in the Yellow River Main Stream
 ZHANG Yongyong1, LI Fujun2, PENG Shaoming1, LI Kefei1
(1.Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450003, China; 2.Hydrology and Water Resources Bureau of Shandong, YRCC, Jinan 250100, China)
全文: PDF (1.96MB)
摘要: 黃河流域水資源貧乏,干旱枯水年份水資源供需矛盾尖銳,農田灌溉缺水問題突出,科學調度黃河干流梯級水庫群對于有序應對黃河干旱、提高水庫群抗旱減災效果具有重要作用。針對黃河流域農業旱情形勢及旱情分布,分析干旱枯水年份黃河來水與農業旱情需水間的響應關系,構建了以流域綜合缺水量最小為目標的黃河干流骨干水庫群聯合調度模型。選取黃河流域發生重旱的1994年作為典型年進行調度分析,提出了汛期(7—10月)、凌汛期(12月—次年2月)、用水高峰期(3—6月)黃河干流骨干水庫群的蓄補水量方案,全年黃河干流骨干水庫群聯合補水量為37.8億m3,通過判別供水重要性,保證了農業用水戶作物灌溉關鍵期供水,減輕了農業缺水程度,控制上中下游農業缺水率基本在25%左右,減輕了流域旱情。結果表明:通過黃河干流骨干水庫群聯合調度,減輕了黃河上中下游不同地區的缺水程度,實現了黃河上中下游地區缺水均衡,提高了流域抗旱能力。
關鍵詞:
Abstract: The Yellow River basin is short of water resources. In dry years, there is a sharp contradiction between water supply and demand, and a serious shortage of irrigation water. Scientific cascade reservoirs operation in the main stream of the Yellow River plays an important role in coping with drought of the Yellow River in an orderly way and improving the effect of drought resistance and disaster reduction. According to the agricultural drought situation and drought distribution in the Yellow River basin, the response relationship between incoming water of the Yellow River and agricultural drought demand in dry years was analyzed and the joint operation model of the key reservoirs in the Yellow River main stream with the minimum comprehensive water shortage as the objective was constructed. Selecting 1994 the severe drought occurred in the Yellow River basin as the typical year for operation analysis, and the schemes of water storage and replenishment for the key reservoirs in the Yellow River main stream during the flood season (July to October), the ice flood season (December to March the next year) and the peak water consumption (March to June) were put forward, the replenishment amount of key reservoirs in the main stream of the Yellow River was 3.78 billion m3 in the whole year, by identifying the importance of water supply, in key periods of crop irrigation the water supply for agricultural users was guaranteed, the degree of agricultural water shortage was reduced, the water shortage rate in the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River was basically controlled by about 25% and the drought situation in the Yellow River basin had been effectively alleviated. The results show that the water shortage in the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River can be alleviated by the joint operation of key reservoirs, the water shortage in the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River can be balanced and the drought resistance ability of the river basin can be improved.
Key words: comprehensive water shortage; water storage and replenishment; drought scheduling effect; coping with drought; key reservoirs; Yellow River basin
收稿日期:
基金資助: 國家重點研發計劃項目(2017YFC0404406);國家自然科學基金資助項目(51569025)
作者簡介: 張永永(1982—),男,河南靈寶人,高級工程師,博士,主要從事水資源規劃及配置方面的研究工作
江苏7位数开奖历史