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黃河下游生態水量調度實踐
 喬鈺1,胡慧杰2
(1.河南黃河河務局,河南 鄭州 450003; 2.河南黃河水文勘測設計院,河南 鄭州 450004)
Practice of EcologicalOriented Water Regulation in the Lower Yellow River
 QIAO Yu1, HU Huijie2
(1.Yellow River Henan Bureau, Zhengzhou 450003, China; 2.Henan Yellow River Hydrological Survey and Design Institute, Zhengzhou 450004, China)

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人民黃河
  2019,Vol. 41(9): 26
  專題研究
黃河下游生態水量調度實踐
 喬鈺1,胡慧杰2
(1.河南黃河河務局,河南 鄭州 450003; 2.河南黃河水文勘測設計院,河南 鄭州 450004))
doi:
Practice of EcologicalOriented Water Regulation in the Lower Yellow River
 QIAO Yu1, HU Huijie2
(1.Yellow River Henan Bureau, Zhengzhou 450003, China; 2.Henan Yellow River Hydrological Survey and Design Institute, Zhengzhou 450004, China)
全文: PDF (1.62MB)
摘要: 為全面推進水生態環境保護和修復,2016—2018年開展了黃河下游生態流量調度試點工作,研究黃河下游河道生態功能維持和生態服務需求的流量指標,實施生態水量調度。以2018年黃河下游生態水量調度為例,分析生態調度實踐情況。在確定了生態水量調度目標及原則的基礎上,對生態水量調度方案以及生態水量調度效果進行了分析,結果表明:黃河下游生態水量調度實踐有效增加了入海淡水資源量,提高了生態流量滿足程度,進一步增加了下游濕地面積,維持和改善了河道生態廊道功能,促進了水生生境的保護與修復。
關鍵詞:
Abstract: In order to comprehensively promote the protection and restoration of aquatic ecological environment, according to the arrangement of the Ministry of Water Resources, pilot work on ecological flow in the lower Yellow River had been carried out from 2016 to 2018 and the flow indicators of ecological function maintenance and ecological service demand in the Lower Yellow River had been studied. Taking 2018 Yellow River downstream ecological water regulation as an example, this paper analyzed the ecological regulation practice. Through the determination of the objectives and principles of ecological water quantity regulation, the research and implementation of the ecological water quantity regulation scheme and the analysis of the regulation effect were carried out. The results show that the practice of ecological water regulation in the Lower Yellow River has effectively increased the freshwater resources into the sea, increased the satisfaction degree of ecological flow, further increased the area of wetland in the lower reaches, maintained and improved the function of ecological corridor in the river course and promoted the protection and restoration of aquatic habitats of the Yellow River.
Key words: ecologicaloriented water regulation; freshwater resources into the sea; ecological flow; Lower Yellow River
收稿日期:
基金資助:
作者簡介: 喬鈺(1991—),女,陜西渭南人,工程師,主要從事供水管理、水資源管理工作
江苏7位数开奖历史