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黃河“八七”分水方案實施30 a回顧與展望
 王煜,彭少明,武見,明廣輝,蔣桂芹,方洪斌,陳翠霞
(黃河勘測規劃設計研究院有限公司,河南 鄭州 450003)
Review of the Implementation of the Yellow River Water Allocation Scheme for Thirty Years
 WANG Yu, PENG Shaoming, WU Jian, MING Guanghui, JIANG Guiqin, FANG Hongbin, CHEN Cuixia
(Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450003, China)

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人民黃河
  2019,Vol. 41(9): 6
  專題研究
黃河“八七”分水方案實施30 a回顧與展望
 王煜,彭少明,武見,明廣輝,蔣桂芹,方洪斌,陳翠霞
(黃河勘測規劃設計研究院有限公司,河南 鄭州 450003))
doi:
Review of the Implementation of the Yellow River Water Allocation Scheme for Thirty Years
 WANG Yu, PENG Shaoming, WU Jian, MING Guanghui, JIANG Guiqin, FANG Hongbin, CHEN Cuixia
(Yellow River Engineering Consulting Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou 450003, China)
全文: PDF (2.61MB)
摘要: 回顧了黃河“八七”分水方案出臺的歷史背景、研究歷程以及在實踐中不斷細化和完善的過程,分析了1999年統一調度之前和之后兩個時段的運用情況和效果,提出了變化環境下流域水資源面臨的新形勢并進行了展望。“八七”分水方案是我國大江大河第一個流域分水方案,對于國家推進水資源科學分配和高效利用具有重大突破和示范意義,在運用中先后開展了“八七”分水方案細化、新徑流條件下分水方案完善、用水總量控制紅線制定等一系列工作,分水方案得到持續細化、深化、發展和完善,有力支撐了黃河流域水資源管理,成為流域管理重要的技術文件。運用30 a來,“八七”分水方案以及黃河水資源管理實踐有效控制了流域用水需求增長,協調了各省(區)用水關系,支撐了流域經濟社會可持續發展與生態環境維持,實現了黃河干流20 a不斷流。未來黃河流域面臨的水資源需求仍將呈現一定的剛性增長,流域水資源管理的關鍵問題是如何緩解水資源對流域經濟社會發展的制約,支撐生態環境良性維持。
關鍵詞:
Abstract: The paper reviewed the historical background, research process and continuous development of the Yellow River water allocation scheme in 1987 (Scheme 1987 in short), and analyzed the implement processes and effects of the two periods before and after the integrated water regulation in 1999. The new challenges and solutions of the water resources under changing environment in the basin were proposed. Scheme 1987 is the first basin-scale water allocation scheme for large rivers in China. It has great breakthroughs and demonstration significance for China to promote the scientific allocation and efficient use of water resources. Scheme 1987 has been continuously refined, deepened, developed and improved by series of work such as refinement among tributaries and regions, improvement of the water allocation scheme under the new runoff conditions and the formulation of the red line for water consumption control, which strongly supports the water resources management of the Yellow River basin and constitutes an important watershed management technical documentation. In the past 30 years, Scheme 1987 and the Yellow River water resources management practice have effectively restrained the water demand growth of the basin, coordinated the water use relations of the 11 provinces and regions along the river, supported the sustainable socioeconomic development of the basin and the maintenance of the ecological environment, and realized the mainstream continuous flowing for 20 consecutive years. In the future, the demand for water resources in the Yellow River basin will continue to show a certain rigid growth. The key issue of water resources management in the basin is how to alleviate the constraints of water resources on socioeconomic development of the basin, and support the benign maintenance of the ecological environment.
Key words: water allocation scheme in 1987; implement process; changing environment; Yellow River
收稿日期:
基金資助: 國家重點研發計劃項目(2017YFC0404404)
作者簡介: 王煜(1968—),男,河南開封人,教授級高級工程師,博士,主要從事水文水資源研究工作
江苏7位数开奖历史